THE DOCTRINE OF THE FLOOD
A Look at what the Bible Says
Since God has revealed Himself to us in Scripture, and the doctrine that He wants taught in His church is nothing other than what the Bible says; it should be obvious that those teachers who refuse to teach what the Bible says about the flood, even denying that it is true, do so because another authority has replaced the authority of Scripture in their lives. For that reason, I would hate to be in their shoes on the Day of Judgment.
Because the evidence for the flood is all
around us, those
who deny what the Bible says about the Flood are clearly without
evidence can be seen, not only in the rocks, but in the oral histories,
cultural records, and flood legends found in every part of the world.
remains of sea creatures have been found on the top of many mountains,
GOD’S RECORD OF THE FLOOD
Genesis 6:5 And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.
6 ¶ And the LORD was sorry that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.
7 And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for I am sorry that I have made them.
[Comment: In verse 5, the words, “every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually” point to man’s fallen nature and the fact that the image of God was lost through the fall (Romans , Colossians ). In verse 7, the words, “I will destroy man” tell us that the flood was an outpouring of God’s judgment. For that reason, the flood is a type of the final judgment, even though the final judgment will be carried out with fire rather than water (Matthew 24:37).
Genesis 6: 8 ¶ But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.
9 These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations, and Noah walked with God.
10 And Noah fathered three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
11 ¶ The earth was also corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.
12 And God looked upon the earth, and, saw it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.
13 ¶ And God said to Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.
14 Make yourself an ark of gopher wood; you will make rooms in the ark, and shall seal it within and without with pitch.
15 And this is the way in which you will make it: The length of the ark will be three hundred cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits.
16 You will make a window in the ark, and will finish it to a cubit above; and you will set the door of the ark in its side; you will make it with lower, second, and third stories.
17 For, behold, I, even I, will bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, in which is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is on the earth shall die.
18 But I will establish my covenant with you; and you will enter the ark, you, and your sons, and your wife, and your sons’ wives with you.
19 And of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of every sort into the ark, to keep them alive with you; they shall be male and female.
20 Of fowls after their kind, and of cattle after their kind, of every creeping thing of the earth after its kind, two of every sort shall come to you, to keep them alive.
21 Also take with you every sort of food that is eaten, and you will gather it to you; and it will be for food for you, and for them.
22 ¶ Thus Noah did; according to all that God commanded him, so he did.
[Comment: Verse 8 - Because the Bible tells us that God’s grace cannot be earned, we know that God did not choose Noah because of his works (Romans 11:6). Verses 14-16 tell us the size of the ark. Since the oldest cubit on record is a little over twenty inches long (20.4), the ark may have been five hundred and ten feet long, eighty-five feet wide, and fifty-one feet high. Verse 20 – The words, “Two of every sort shall come to you,” tell us that Noah did not have to go out looking for the animals, but God caused them to come to him.]
Genesis 7:1 ¶ And the LORD said to Noah, Come into the ark, you and all your family; because you alone have I found righteous before me in this generation.
2 Of every clean beast take seven pair with you, the male and his female: and two of the beasts that are not clean, the male and his female.
3 Also take the birds of the air by sevens, the male and the female; to keep seed alive upon the face of all the earth.
4 For in seven days I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and every living thing that I have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth.
5 ¶ And Noah did according to all that the LORD commanded him.
6 And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters came upon the earth.
7 And Noah went in, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons’ wives with him, into the ark, because of the waters of the flood.
8 Of clean beasts, and of beasts that are not clean, and of birds, and of every thing that creeps upon the earth,
9 There went in two and two unto Noah into the ark, the male and the female, as God had commanded Noah.
10 And it came to pass after seven days, that the waters of the flood were upon the earth.
[Comment: Verse one – Because works can never make anyone righteous, it was grace, not works, that made Noah righteous in the sight of God (compare, Isaiah 64:6, Romans 3:19-24, Romans 9:30-32 and 10:3-4). Verse 9 – The fact that the animals went willingly into the ark tells us that the hand of God was at work.]
Genesis ¶ In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of heaven were opened.
12 And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.
13 ¶ On the very same day Noah, and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah’s wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, entered into the ark;
14 They, and every beast after his kind, and all the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth after his kind, and every fowl after his kind, every bird of every sort.
15 And they went in unto Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath of life.
16 And they that went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God had commanded him: and the LORD shut him in.
17 ¶ And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and bore up the ark, and it rose up above the earth.
18 And the waters prevailed, and were increased greatly upon the earth; and the ark went upon the face of the waters.
19 And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high hills, that were under the whole heaven, were covered.
20 And the mountains were covered; as the waters rose fifteen cubits above them.
21 ¶ And all flesh died that moved upon the earth, including birds, and cattle, and beasts, and every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth, and every man:
22 Everything that was on the dry land, in whose nostrils was the breath of life, died.
23 And every living thing was destroyed that was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the birds of the air; and they were blotted out from the earth: and only Noah, and those who were with him in the ark, remained alive.
24 And the waters covered the earth for one hundred and fifty days.
[Comment: Verse 11 tells us that the water not only came down from heaven, but “fountains” poured forth water from the depths of the earth. Because verses 19-22 tell us that all of the “high hills” and “mountains” under heaven were covered, and that all of the land dwelling creatures “in whose nostrils was the breath of life, died,” we know that this flood covered the entire earth.]
Genesis 8:1 ¶ And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the livestock that were with him in the ark: and God made a wind blow over the earth, and the waters subsided;
2 The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were closed, and the rain from heaven was restrained;
3 And the waters receded from the earth continually: and at the end of one hundred and fifty days the waters had decreased significantly.
4 ¶ And the ark came to rest in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat.
5 And the waters decreased continually until the tenth month: in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, the tops of the mountains were seen.
6 ¶ And it came to pass at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the window of the ark that he had made:
7 And he sent out a raven, which went to and fro, until the waters were dried up from off the earth.
8 He also sent out a dove, to see if the waters had subsided from the face of the ground;
9 But the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot, and she returned to him in the ark, for the waters covered the entire surface of the earth: then he put forth his hand, and took her, and pulled her into him in the ark.
10 And he waited seven more days; and again sent forth the dove out of the ark;
11 And the dove came in to him in the evening; and, lo, in her beak was a freshly plucked olive leaf: so Noah knew that the waters had subsided from the earth.
12 And he waited seven more days; and again sent out the dove; which did not return to him any more.
13 ¶ And it came to pass in the six hundredth and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried up from off the earth: and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and, behold, the surface of the ground was dry.
14 And in the second month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, the earth was dried.
comparison of Genesis 7:11 and Genesis 8:14 tell us that, from
end, the flood lasted one year and ten days. Verse 4 tells us that the
Genesis ¶ And God spoke to Noah, saying,
16 Go out of the ark, you, and your wife, and your sons, and your sons’ wives with you.
17 Bring every living thing that is with you out, of all flesh, both birds, and cattle, and every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth; that they may breed abundantly in the earth, and be fruitful, and multiply upon the earth.
18 And Noah went out, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons’ wives with him:
19 Every beast, every creeping thing, and every fowl, and whatever creeps upon the earth, after their kinds, went forth out of the ark.
20 ¶ And Noah built an altar to the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.
21 And the LORD smelled a sweet savor; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man’s sake; for the imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth; neither will I ever again destroy every living creature, as I have done.
22 While the earth remains, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.
[Comment: Verse 21 – The words, “the imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth,” again testify to the fact of man’s fallen nature. Verse 22 – This is the first reference the Bible makes to seasons, a fact which seems to indicate that the pre-flood world had a more uniform climate.]
Genesis 9:1 ¶ And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the earth.
2 And the fear of you and the dread of you will be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every bird of the air, upon everything that moves on the earth, and upon all the fish of the sea; into your hand they are delivered.
3 Every moving thing that lives shall be food for you; even as I gave you the green plants I give you all things.
4 However you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is its blood, in it.
5 And surely for your lives I will require a reckoning; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man’s brother will I require the life of man.
6 Whoever sheds man’s blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for God made man in his own image.
7 And you, be fruitful, and multiply; bring forth abundantly in the earth, and multiply therein.
[Comment: Verse 3 – Although men may, or may not, have eaten animals before the flood, this is the first place in the Bible where it is mentioned, and where God gives His approval. Verse 6 – Likewise, this is the first place in Scripture where God requires capital punishment.]
Genesis 9:8 ¶ And God spoke to Noah, and to his sons with him, saying,
9 Behold, I establish my covenant with you, and with your descendants after you;
10 And with every living creature that is with you, the birds, the cattle, and every beast of the earth with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth.
11 I confirm my covenant with you; that never again will all flesh be wiped out by the waters of a flood; nor will there ever again be a flood that destroys the earth.
12 ¶ And God said, This is the sign of the covenant that I am making between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for all future generations:
13 I set my bow in the cloud, and it will be a sign of the covenant between me and the earth.
14 And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud:
15 And I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters will never again become a flood to destroy all flesh.
16 The bow will be in the clouds; and I will look at it, and remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth.
17 And God said to Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.
18 ¶ And
the sons of Noah, that went out of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and
and Ham is the father of
19 These were the three sons of Noah: and from them the whole earth was populated.
[Comment: The fact that the rainbow is God’s sign that the world will never again be destroyed by water implies that there were no rainbows before the flood. In fact, Genesis 2:6 seems to indicate that the ground was watered by a “mist” (rather than rain) at that time. And that, in turn, is a strong indication that there were major changes in the atmosphere at the time of the flood (see Genesis ).]
Psalm 104:5 You set the earth on its foundations, never to be shaken.
6 You covered it with the deep water as with a garment: the waters stood above the mountains.
7 At your rebuke they fled; at the voice of your thunder they hurried away.
8 The mountains rising; and the valleys sinking down to the place which you have appointed for them.
9 You have set a boundary that they cannot cross; or come back to cover the earth.
[Comment: The fact that the waters went down so rapidly (see Genesis 8:3-13), is explained by the fact that the low places (“valleys” verse 8) sank. If you push down at one place on the top crust of a cobbler, other parts of the crust will rise, and some of the liquid filling may squirt up through the crust. That illustration may help us to understand what happened after the flood, as the weight of the water pushed down the ocean bottoms. The uplift that would have resulted may explain, in part, the mountains and volcanoes around the Pacific Rim (verse 8).]
The historical record of the Flood is just as much a doctrine of Scripture as anything else that the Bible says (2Timothy ). Those who deny the truth of the Biblical account do not change that fact, nor do they change what the Bible says, they simply reject it.
The doctrine that God wants us to teach nothing other than what the words of Scripture say (2Corinthians ). Everything that God wants us to believe and teach is clearly and explicitly stated in the text. The statements of Scripture are the Word of God, and the doctrine he wants taught. All other doctrines are the word of man, no matter how many “interpretations” they may muster in support of them (2Peter ).
Gary Ray Branscome